In Myanmar, cattle are mainly slaughtered at official slaughterhouses, according to LBVD’s data, 271,250 cattle were slaughtered at the licensed slaughterhouses in 2013 in the 247 townships. In 2013, the Yangon and Bago slaughterhouses had the highest per day slaughter rate, at 215 head (78,751 head/year) and 135 head (49,246 head/year) respectively. A further 9 townships recorded the slaughter rate between 10-90 head per day.
At the present, the cattle (and buffalo) under following categories can be slaughtered (1) 16 years and above male and female or (2) permanently disabled male and female or (3) permanently sterile female. Beef cattle farmers cannot overcome the constraints related to the existing Cattle Slaughter Prohibition Act.
The existing slaughterhouses in Yangon, Mandalay and Nay Pyi Taw are under the supervision of the City Development Committee. However, there is a need for hygienic and sanitation measures to meet the international standards. In urban areas, small traditional slaughter slabs, which often lack hygienic and sanitation measures, are commonly used.
Cattle are also slaughtered at unofficial slaughterhouses. However, the dearth of data on this precludes the volume quantification.
Veterinarians from the City Development Committee carry out the post-mortem inspection and provision of certification at slaughterhouses in Yangon, Mandalay and Nay Pyi Taw. The veterinary inspectors from the LBVD have the authority to conduct the post-mortem inspection and provision of certification at slaughterhouses in the townships of other states and divisions.